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Waorani in mtDNA hg "A2y"
Topic Started: Dec 1 2017, 12:53:32 PM (27 Views)
black man
The Right Hand
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Cardoso et al. 2008, n=35: A2-207, 16293; 16304; 189 (in all cases)
Cardoso et al. 2012, n=11: "A2s"-189, 207, 5093, 5910, 6641, 16111 back mutation, 16293, 16304
Brandini et al. 2017, n=11: "A2y1"-5093, 16304

According to Brandini et al. 2017, the "A2y" markers (189, 207 and 16293 mutations) were also detected in two Peruvian samples of Tito et al. 2012. And the A2y(xA2y1) ht was from Peru. Two more "A2y1" samples are from one mestizo person from the Chimborazo region and one https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Otavalo_people indigenous Otavalo. Both of the latter samples seem to have Kichwa backgrounds. Apart from that, Varano et al. 2016 classified three of their 174 Brazilian Santa Isabel Yanomami samples as in hg A2y, too. And the presence of the 16304 mutation might imply that they're in hg A2y1 as well.

That said, it's maybe noteworthy that they classify "JX669315" as a sample in mtDNA hg "A2f" at https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/nuccore/JX669315.1 and "JX669415" just as a sample in mtDNA hg A2 at https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/nuccore/JX669415.1 . So nomenclature might keep on varying.

Sources:
http://glottolog.org/resource/languoid/id/chim1302
Brandini et al. 2017: "The Paleo-Indian Entry into South America According to Mitogenomes"
Cardoso et al. 2008: "Mitochondrial DNA in Huaorani"
Cardoso et al. 2012: "Genetic uniqueness of the Waorani"
Varano et al. 2016: "Exploring the Mitochondrial DNA Variability of the Amazonian Yanomami"

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